Heidelberg, regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland

Latitude 49°24′44″N
Longitude 08°42′36″E
City Heidelberg
County regierungsbezirk Karlsruhe
State/ Province Baden-Württemberg
Country Deutschland



From 1933 to –1945), Heidelberg was a stronghold of the NSDAP, the strongest party in the elections before 1933.
Between 1934 to 1935, the huge amphitheatre, Thingstätte, which still used for occasional concerts and events, was built on the Heiligenberg, north of the old part of Heidelberg, for the SS events.


On Kristallnacht, November 9-10, 1938, Nazis burned down the cities two synagogues in Heidelberg.
The next day systematic deportation of Jews started, with 150 Jews sent to the Dachau concentration camp.
By 1939, non-Aryan university staff were discriminated against, and the University of Heidelberg Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg lost one third of its staff due to racial and political reasons.


On October 22, 1940 during the Wagner Buerckel Event, 6000 local Jews, including 280 from Heidelberg, were transported to Camp Gurs.


  1. Polatschek, Hedwig