Ebensee Konzentrationslager Ebensee concentration camp, Ebensee, bezirk Gmunden, Oberösterreich, Österreich

Latitude 47°47′15″N
Longitude 13°45'28"E
City Ebensee
County bezirk Gmunden
State/ Province Oberösterreich
Country Österreich


On November 18, 1943, the SS established Ebensee concentration camp Ebensee Konzentrationslager, near the town of Ebensee, as one of over 40 subcamps of Mauthausen Konzentrationslager.
Ebensee concentration camp Ebensee Konzentrationslager was given the codename Zement, because the prisoners worked as slave labor for the German armament industry in the the construction of gigantic subterranean tunnel system intended to house the Peenemünde missile testing station.
Prisoners were also forced to work for Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG, producing engine components for tanks and trucks.
Ebensee concentration camp Ebensee Konzentrationslager is considered one of the most horrific Nazi concentration camps, because of the extremely high death rates.
From November, 1943, to May, 1945, 8,745 prisoners died in the Ebensee concentration camp Ebensee Konzentrationslager.


On May 6, 1945, Ebensee concentration camp Ebensee Konzentrationslager was liberated by United States 80th Infantry Division.


After the war, Ebensee concentration camp Ebensee Konzentrationslager was used as a Displaced Persons' DP camp.
Tensions flared between the 500 Jews amidst a majority of Polish DPs, partly because the camp's UNRRA administration was made up entirely of Poles, except one Jew.
To ease tensions, Judah Nadich, General Dwight Eisenhower's first advisor on Jewish affairs in Europe, investigated the Jewish DP situation in Ebensee, and most of the Jewish DPs were transferred to Bad Gastein.


  1. Leibowicz, Aron
  2. איינהורן ‎Einhorn, Isaac